Where does your international research/engagement take place?
Mainly at home (using Zoom, online resources, etc.)

Please briefly describe your research/activity?
I explore how the state should involve with homeschooling. I examine the literature on homeschooling policies, using IU academic resources, and receiving professional advice from the expert homeschooling researcher at IU.

Why does your research/activity matter?
My research will expand the scope of theoretical arguments on the state's authority over education in Japan. It would be the first robust research in Japan on homeschooling that examines the state's authority, regarding parents as an education provider. My research will also introduce a new perspective to homeschooling research in the U.S., by examining arguments on homeschooling policies in the U.S. in terms of school refusal which has gathered little attention from homeschooling researchers.

What led you to this research/activity?
I have been interested in how much the state, schools, and parents can/should restrict children's freedom and why. Homeschooling policy is one of the best test cases because it involves examining the limitation of the authorities of the state and parents over education which restricts children's "current freedom" and develops children's capacity for exercising "future freedom." Some articles on homeschooling policy made me realize this, one of which is written by a professor at IU.

What problem do you hope this research/activity will solve/what are your hopes for this work?
Families whose children cannot meet their needs at school and parents do not have adequate resources for teaching on their own have not been focused on in homeschooling research. It is hard for such children to make their voices heard by society, so someone needs to think and talk about them. I hope my research will convince researchers that this potential subset of homeschoolers should be explored more and propose what policies should be introduced for such children.

How will your work create change for the better?
Homeschooling policies in many states in the U.S. can ensure adequate education only for some children. Children whose schools cannot meet their needs and whose parents do not have sufficient resources might be excluded from every educational opportunity. My research involves examining what regulations are effective and what public services are needed for such children. My work will contribute to realizing policies by which more children can receive adequate education in Japan and the U.S.

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