David  Rutkowski Profile Image
David Rutkowski
Associate Professor
W.W. Wright Education Building Room 4225
Send me an e-mail
Department:  Educational Leadership and Policy Studies
Affiliations:  Inquiry Methodology



I am an Associate Professor with a joint appointment in Educational Policy and Educational Inquiry at Indiana University. Prior to IU I was a Professor of Education at the Center for Educational Measurement(CEMO) at the University of Oslo, Norway. I also worked as a researcher for the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) in Hamburg Germany. I earned my PhD in educational policy with a research specialization in evaluation from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. My research is focused in the area of educational policy and educational measurement with specific emphasis on international large-scale assessment and program evaluation. My interests include how large scale assessments are used within policy debates, the impact of background questionnaire quality on achievement results, and achievement estimation in heterogeneous populations. I have collaborated with or consulted for national and international organizations including the US State Department, USAID, UNESCO, the IEA and the OECD. I have worked on and lead evaluations and projects in over 20 countries to include Afghanistan, South Sudan, Trinidad and Tobago and the US. I am currently  the editor of the IEA policy brief series, serve on the IEA publication editorial committee (PEC) and am a board member of several academic journals.

I teach courses in evaluation, education policy, statistics and large scale assessment.

Peer Reviewed Articles and Chapters


Rutkowski, D., Rutkowski, L., & Wild, J. (2017). Poverty and educational achievement in the US: A less biased estimate using PISA 2012 data. Journal of Children and Poverty.


Rutkowski, D. (2017). Improving international assessment through evaluation. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice.


 Rutkowski, L. & Rutkowski, D.  (2017). Improving the comparability and local usefulness of international assessments: A look back and a way forward. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research.


Rutkowski, D. & Delandshere, G. (2016). Causal inferences with large scale assessment data: Using a validity framework. Journal of Large Scale Assessment in Education. 6(4).

Rutkowski, L., & Rutkowski, D. (2016).
The relation between students’ perception of InQua and bullying

victimization. In . In T. Nilsen and J.E. Gustafsson (Eds.), Teacher quality, instructional quality and student outcome (p. 103-120). Amsterdam: IEA.


Rutkowski, L. & Rutkowski, D. (2016). A call for a more measured approach to interpreting and using PISA results. Educational Researcher. 45, 252-257.


Sparks, J., & Rutkowski, D. (2016). Exploring project sustainability: Using a multiperspectival, multidimensional approach to frame inquiry. Development in Practice.26 (13), 308-320.


Rutkowski, L., & Rutkowski, D., & Zhou, Y. (2015). One size does not fit all: The impact of item parameter differences and estimation methods on cross-cultural achievement comparisons. International Testing Journal, 00, 1-20.


 Rutkowski, D. & Wild, J. (2015). Stakes matter: Student motivation and the validity of student assessments for teacher evaluation. Journal of Educational Assessment.20, 165-79.


Rutkowski, D. (2015). The OECD and the local: PISA-based test for schools in the USA. Discourse:

Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education. 36(5), 683-699.


Lewis, C. C., Scott, K., Marti, C. N., Marriott, B. R., Kroenke, K., Putz, J. W., … Rutkowski,

D. (2015). Implementing measurement-based care (iMBC) for depression in community mental health: a dynamic cluster randomized trial study protocol. Implementation Science, 10(1), 127.


Rutkowski, D., & Sparks, J. (2014). Complexly calling the shots: The emergence of three international networks in development evaluation. Evaluation. 20(4), 492-508.


Engel, L., & Rutkowski, D. (2014). Global Influences and National Definitions of Quality Education: Examples from Spain and Italy. Policy Futures in Education.12(6).  


Rutkowski, D., Rutkowski, L. & Engel, L., (2014). Inclusive schooling: Fostering citizenship among immigrant students in Europe. Intercultural Education. 25(4), 269-284.


Engel, L., Rutkowski, D., & Rutkowski, L. (2014). Global mobility and rising inequality: A cross-national study of immigration, poverty, and social cohesion. Peabody Journal of Education. 89(1), 123-140.


Rutkowski, D., Rutkowski, L., &  von Davier,  M. (2014). An introduction to international large scale assessment. In L. Rutkowski, M. von Davier, & D. Rutkowski (Eds.), Handbook of international large-scale assessment: Background, technical issues, and methods of data analysis (pp. 3-9). London: Chapman & Hall/CRC Press


Rutkowski, D., & Rutkowski, L. (2013). Measuring socioeconomic background in PISA: One size might not fit all. Research in Comparative and International Education, 8(3), 259-278.


Rutkowski, L., Rutkowski, D., & Engel, L. (2013). Sharp contrasts at the boundaries: School violence and educational outcomes internationally. Comparative Education Review, 57(2), 232-259.


Rutkowski, D., Rutkowski, L., & Plucker, J. (2012). International trends in excellence gaps: A growth modeling perspective. High Ability Studies, 23(2), 143-166.


Rutkowski, L., Rutkowski, D., & Plucker, J. (2012). Determinants of private school choice: Evidence of cream skimming internationally. Educational Research and Evaluation, 18(4), 375-391.


Rutkowski, D., Rutkowski, L. & Langfeldt, G. (2012). Reading economics, thinking education: the relevance – and irrelevance – of economic theory for curriculum research. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 44(2), 165-192.


Rutkowski, D., Rutkowski, L., & Sparks, J. (2011). ICT Support for 21st Century Teaching: An International Analysis. Journal of School Leadership, 21(2), 190-215.


Rutkowski, D., & Engel, L. (2010). Soft power and hard measures: Large-scale assessment, citizenship and the European Union. European Educational Research Journal, 9(3), 190-215 .


Rutkowski, L., & Rutkowski, D. (2010). Getting it ‘better’: The importance of improving background questionnaires in international assessment. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 42(3), 411-430.


Neuschmidt, O., Barth, J., Rutkowski, L., & Rutkowski, D. (2010). Effective schools in the Arab region: A Multi-level approach using TIMSS 2003 data. In D. Sharpes (Ed.), Handbook on International Studies in Education (pp. 1-26). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.


Engel, L., Rutkowski, D., & Rutkowski, L. (2009). The harsher side of globalization: Violent conflict and academic achievement. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 7(4), 433-456.


Rutkowski, L., & Rutkowski, D. (2009). Trends in TIMSS responses over time: Evidence of global forces in education? Educational Research and Evaluation, 15(2), 137-152.


Rutkowski, D. (2008). Towards an understanding of educational indicators.

Policy Futures in Education, 6(4), 470-481. 


Engel, L., & Rutkowski, D. (2008). Globalization and the Asia Pacific: An exploration

of efficiency and equality aims of education. Critical Studies in Education, 49(2), 143-156. 


Rizvi, F., & Rutkowski, D. (2008). OECD and Education.  In G. McCulloch (Ed.), The

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Education, (p. 114). Routledge: London and New York.


Rizvi, F., Britez, R., Pitton, V., & Rutkowski, D. (2007). Brain drain. In D. Fatih (Ed.), The

Europa world of learning 2007 (pp. 23-33). London: Routledge.


Rutkowski, D. (2007). Converging us softly:  How intergovernmental organizations

promote educational policy. Critical Studies in Education, 48(2), 229-247. 


Rizvi, F. Engel, L. Rutkowski, D., & Sparks, J. ( 2007). Equality and the politics of

globalization in education.  In G. Verma, C. R. Bagley, & M. M. Jha (Eds.), International Perspectives on Diversity and Inclusive Education (pp. 3-20). Routledge: London.




Sellar, S., Thompson, G., & Rutkowski, D. (2017). The Global Education Race: Taking the Measure of PISA and International Testing. Victoria: Brush Education.


Rutkowski, L., von Davier, M, & Rutkowski, D. (Eds.). (2014). A handbook of international large-scale assessment: Background, technical issues, and methods of data analysis. London: Chapman & Hall/CRC Press.  

Reports and Other Published Work


Rutkowski, L., & Rutkowski, D. (2016). International surveys in education. In G. Ritzer (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization. Hoboken, NJ: Blackwell.


Rutkowski, D., & Rutkowski, L. (2016). What teachers can’t and can learn from international assessments. CEMO white paper. http://www.uv.uio.no/cemo/english/about/news-events-and-publications/publications/documents/working-paper-david-and-leslie-rutkowski-(2)-june-2016.pdf


Rutkowski, D. (2016). The quiet war: Challenges of educating in Afghanistan. Pedagogiskprofil. 1: 18-20.


Carney, C., Rutkowski, D., & Rutkowski, L. (2015). Indiana educational policy context:

The case of the Rules for Educator Preparation and Accountability (REPA). Paper commissioned by Indiana University School of Education Policy Council and Long Range Planning Committee.


Rutkowski, D., Rutkowski, L., & Plucker, J. (2015). Should individual schools

participate in PISA? Some caustions and recomendations for intersted participants. Phi Beta Kappan Magazine. 96: 68-73.


Rutkowski, D., Rutkowski, L. & Plucker, J. (2014). What matters is what’s measured—

not who measures it.  PDK Blog: Learning on the edge. http://pdkintl.org/blogs/learning-on-the-edge/matters-whats-measured-measures/


Plucker, J., Rutkowski, L. &  Rutkowski, D. (2014: December). Should local districts

participate in international assessments. Education Week Blog: Straigt Talk. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/rick_hess_straight_up/2014/12/should_local_districts_participate_in_international_assessments.html?cmp=ENL-EU-NEWS3


Rutkowski, D. & Wild, J. (2014). Stakes matter: Student motivation and the Validity of

student assessments for teacher evaluation. Indiana University.


Rutkowski, L., & Rutkowski, D. (2014, March 20). So how overblown were No. 1

Shanghai’s PISA results? Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/wp/2014/03/20/so-how-overblown-were-no-1-shanghais-pisa-results/


Rutkowski, D. (2014, Feburary 23-25). Poor performing states need more targeted

reforms. McClatchy Newspapers. Various cities.


Rutkowski, D., & Rutkowski, L. (2013). Elevating the American Education Debate:

Reducing the American education debate to absurdity. Education Week. 


Rutkowski, D., Rutkowski, L. &, Wild, J. (2013). Indiana’s TIMSS 2011 performance: Outperforming much of the world in math and science, but issues remain for gender achievement and high performers. Center for Evaluation and Education Policy Brief. Bloomington, IN.


Sandoval, A., Aghakasiri, P., Wild, J., Rutkowski, D. (2013). Does increasing hours of schooling lead to improvements in student learning. IEA Policy Brief. Amsterdam, Netherlands.


OECD. (2013). Conceptual framework for the second Teaching and Learning International Survey. Document commissioned by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Paris: OECD.


Engel, L., & Rutkowski, D. (2012). UNESCO without funding? Implications for education worldwide. Center for Evaluation and Education Policy. Bloomington, IN.


School of Education Value-Added Task Force. (2011). Using value added models to evaluate teacher preparation programs. White paper prepared at the request of Indiana University Dean Gerardo Gonzalez.


Plucker, J., & Rutkowski, D. (2011, July 5). Running a race against ourselves: Inefficient, ineffective education policy reforms rule the day. Education Week.


Rutkowski, D., & Prusinski, E. (2011). The impact of international large scale assessment. Center for Evaluation and Education Policy. Bloomington, IN.


Muller, P., Rutkowski, D., & Isreal, K. (2011) An analysis of internal and external funding of Indiana University Campuses. Internal report for the Office of the Vice Provost for Research. Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.


Rutkowski, L., Rutkowski, D., Plucker, J., & Prusinski, E. (2011). Differential impacts of dual and advanced placement credits on higher education outcomes.  Report commissioned by the Office of the Vice President for University Regional Affairs, Planning, and Policy, Indiana University Bloomington.


Rutkowski, D., & Spradlin, T. (2010). Prairie state achievement examination validity study. Chicago, IL: Illinois High School District Superintendents. 


Noeth, R., Rutkowski, D., & Schleich, B. (2010). College admission tests as measures of high school accountability: A white paper for state policymakers. Chicago, IL: Illinois High School District Superintendents. 


Rutkowski, L., & Rutkowski, D. (2010). Private and Public Education: A Cross-National

Exploration with TIMSS 2003. Research Publications: National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, 192. Columbia University. Retrieved from http://ncspe.org/list-papers.php


Spradlin, T., Burroughs, N., Rutkowski, D., & Lang, J. (2010). College presistence and completion strategies: Opportunities for scaling up. Center for Evaluation and Education Policy. Bloomington, IN.


Spradlin, T., Rutkowski, D., Burroughs, N., & Lang, J. (2010). Effective college access, persistence and completion programs, and strategies for underrepresented student populations: Opportunities for scaling up. Indiana Commission for Higher Education. Indianapolis, IN.


Rutkowski, D., & Gonzalez, E. (2009). Report on the results from a TIMSS data analysis workshop sponsored by the Arab Bureau for Education. Riyad Saudi Arabia: Arab Bureau for Education. 


Garden, R., & Rutkowski, D. (2009). Evaluating quality education in Trinidad and Tobago. Port of Spain, Trinidad: Ministry of Education.


Rizvi, F., Engel, L., Rutkowski, D., & Sparks, J. (2006). Globalization and recent shifts in educational policy in the Asia Pacific: An overview of some critical issues. UNESCO: Bangkok.

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